她俩认识到美国的人口特点在改变,越来越多俄语阅读听力口语内容

The hostility of big firms towards Mr Trump goes beyond free trade.
They know that America’s demographics are changing.

The Economist【每日E词】

参考翻译:巨型商厦对此川普的敌意不限于自由贸易。他们认识到美利坚联邦合众国的总人口特点在转移。

带您重温《工学人》里的那多少个词

Free Trade

自由贸易(Free
Trade)是指国与国之间免关税的货色及劳动流通,与交易珍重主义(Protectionism)相反;自由贸易也是满世界化(Globalization)的本位。

简易的话,自由贸易就是政府不设任何的范围,让交易完全遵循市场的规律,自由举行。因为那样,市场的功利可以完全发挥出来。

但自由贸易有可能会造成大型公司垄断市场经济。此外,本国民族工业( National
Bourgeoisie Capital )可能面临撞击,国家经济安全难以管教,中小集团( Small
and Medium Enterprises, SMEs
)可能会在国际竞争中陷入困境,就业水平受到撞击,国内就业压力加大。

像自由贸易这一类标准的名词,越发在财经、经济、政治等方面,那几个术语背后往往具备极其错综复杂的文化背景。对于咱们的话,如果吃透背景知识,当然是最为但是,但说实话,那是那个用度时间和精力的。退而求其次,大家精晓跟它相关的词汇,在读书和翻译的时候能火速地辨认出来,作为日语学习本身而言,也是足以了的。

不过学习并不是一件孤立的事情,也不容许是一件不难的事体。因此,在直面一个一心陌生的定义的时候,最好的态度既不是一下子想吃透他,当然也不是买椟还珠。吃一点,消化一点;消化完了再吃一点,那是最节省的道理。


Go Beyond

go beyond 在分歧的语境里,也有两样的情趣,比如前面加 someone 的时候:

go beyond someone (or something): to pass ahead of someone or something.

例句:

Fred went beyond me a half block before he remembered who I was. Then
he came back and said hello.
忆起自家是什么人的时候,弗瑞德已经从我身边经过,走过了大多个街区。然后她掉头重回跟我打招呼。

go beyond 前边加 something 的时候,字面意思是:to do more of something
than the expected amount; to go further with something than was
required. 比如那些例句:

You clearly went beyond what was required of you.
明明,你逾职了。

还足以引申为:to go past something or some place. 比如那个例句:

We went beyond the town and lost our way.
我们经过这几个小镇,然后迷路了。

好啊,回看一下今日的语句:

The hostility of big firms towards Mr Trump goes beyond free trade.
They know that America’s demographics are changing.

参照翻译:大型集团对于Trump的敌意不压制自由贸易。他们认识到花旗国的人口特点在改动。

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hostility

[U]an occasion when someone is unfriendly or shows that they do not
like something

敌意,不友好

They showed open(= obvious)hostility to/towards
their new neighbours.他们对新邻居表现出了堂而皇之的敌意。

[U]an occasion when someone shows that they do not agree with or like
something

不同意,不喜欢

hostilities[plural]formal

fighting in a war战斗;战争行为

Hostilities began/broke out just after midnight.刚过下午应战便成功了。

Hostilities were suspended(= fighting stopped temporarily)during
the talks.和谈时期临时停战。

《经济学人》原文例句

🔸The Japanese government hopes that engagement with the new Russian
inhabitants of the islands and investment by Japanese firms in what is,
after all, a poor and isolated corner of Russia, may gradually soften
local hostility to anything that seems like a territorial
concession.

🔸For all Mr Trump’s hostility to environmentalism, Ms Khan says she
spied “no appreciable difference” between the size and behaviour of
previous American delegations and the one Mr Trump sent to Bonn.

🔸Officials, rather than judges, can order intrusive police searches of
personal property, or the closure of places of worship if intelligence
suggests members are preaching hostility towardsFrance.


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